9 Do and Don'ts for a Diabetic Patients
Diabetacare 24x7 Diabetes Care
Koramangala, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
According to NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information), the current state of diabetes in India is critical with over 62 million individuals diagnosed with the diseases. The present sedentary lifestyle and stress only add to the already grievous situation. But, both prevention and control can be achieved by effective diabetes management. This involves a care plan, lifestyle alterations and discipline.
The 9 Do’s and Don’ts for diabetic patients that will help you in your fight with diabetes:
- Indulge in physical activity:
Being active is necessary in order to achieve your fitness goals, as well as keeping diabetes complications at bay. A minimum of 150 minutes of moderate to intense exercise per week is recommended in a diabetes exercise plan. If you are either overweight or obese, it is crucial to attain your required Body Mass Index (BMI).
- Limit your carbohydrates:
- Carbohydrates lead to rise in blood sugar levels, so, limiting their consumption will determine your blood sugar post food intake. Try consuming healthy and low-carb foods instead of sweetened drinks, cakes, snack items or sugary beverages. Doctors recommend the ketogenic (low-carb) diet, which results in significant reduction of HbA1c.
- Don’t smoke:
- Smoking isn’t a good habit for anyone, but especially if you have diabetes you should not smoke at all. Nicotine affects the blood flow in the body, which makes it an even bigger risk for heart complications in diabetes. Smokers are on a higher risk to be affected by diabetes complications, like kidney diseases, amputation or eye damage.
- Increase your water consumption:
- With high blood glucose, the risk for dehydration increases as well. Diabetic patients with higher sugar levels require more fluid in their body as it helps flush out excessive sugar in the blood, through urination. If the amount of water present is not sufficient, glucose retains in the blood leading to further dehydration.
- Monitor your blood sugar regularly:
- Keeping your blood glucose in check is important in order to control diabetes. The advent of technological devices like glucometers has revolutionized the treatment altogether, and make patients more in charge. It helps to analyze how well the care plan is working, and what changes need to be made.
- Include proteins in your diet:
- Proteins are an important part of a diabetic diet plan, as it increases metabolism. Nuts, fish, chicken, beans and legumes need to be in your daily diet, if you aim for less calorie conversion and optimum blood sugar levels.
- Avoid junk foods:
- Junk foods contain saturated and trans fats, which makes it difficult for diabetic patients to regulate their blood sugar levels. Risk factors for diabetes include obesity, and the consumption of excess sugars and fats may lead of weight gain. Junk foods have low nutritional value and high fat content that spikes up the blood sugar levels.
- Opt for whole grains:
- Whole grains are a better alternative to refined grains, especially when it comes to people with diabetes. Whole grains are a rich source of fiber that controls glucose absorption in the blood. Brown bread, brown rice, oats and quinoa can be consumed instead of white rice and pastries.
- Control salt and sugar intake:
- Both salt and sugar are extremely harmful in diabetes. The intake of inorganic salt need not be stopped completely, but you should cut back on the consumption of sodium, as it is major cause of heart disease. Sugar, not to mention isn’t good for diabetics because the only contribution it does is provide carbohydrates and empty calories, ultimately increasing blood sugar level.