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In Vitro Fertilization(IVF) - Side Effects and Risks

Garbhagudi IVF Center (Kalyan Nagar)

Garbhagudi IVF Center (Kalyan Nagar)

  Kalyan nagar, Bengaluru     Feb 15, 2017

   1 min     

Why is IVF used?

IVF can be used to treat infertility in the following cases:

  • Blocked or flawed fallopian tubes
  • Poor ovarian reserve, endometriosis, tuberculosis, advanced age
  • Women with ovulation troubles, premature ovarian failure or uterine fibroids
  • Male factor infertility including decreased sperm count
  • Individuals with a genetic disorder
  • Women with removed fallopian tubes
  • Unexplained infertility

Side effects of IVF

Although one may need to take it easy after the procedure, most women can resume normal routine and activities the following day.

Some side effects which are common and often harmless after IVF may include:

  • A small amount of fluid (may be clear or blood-tinted) after the procedure
  • Mild cramping and heaviness
  • Constipation
  • Mild bloating
  • Breast tenderness

If one experiences any of the following symptoms one should consult doctor immediately

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Urine with blood or less urine output
  • Severe pain abdomen and distension
  • Swelling of limbs and face
  • Excessive nausea, vomiting , breathing difficulty
  • A fever over 100.5 °F

Risks associated with in vitro fertilization

Like most medical procedures, there are potential risks in IVF. Fertility medications can have certain side effects including headaches, mood swings, hot flashes, abdominal pain and bloating, amongst other side effects. Although it is uncommon, fertility medications may lead to ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS). Symptoms of OHSS may include abdominal pain or a feeling of being swollen. More severe symptoms may include the following:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Reduced urinary frequency
  • Shortness of breath
  • Faintness
  • Severe stomach pains and puffiness all over body
  • Ten pound weight gain within a week

OHSS can be well avoided with change of protocols and with careful monitoring of patient. This condition has become quite rare now with introduction of antagonist protocols. Patients need not panic as these conditions can be well avoided.

Tags:  IVF, In Vitro Fertilization, Pregnancy, infertility, Fertility Treatments - Female, Fertility treatments - Male, ,

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