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Learn about heart disease & protect yourself

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   4 min     

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For any type of disorder that affects the heart, heart disease is an umbrella term. Cardiac disease means the same as heart disease but not cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular diseases are concerned with disorders of the heart, while heart and blood vessels disease refers to just the heart. A lack of blood to the heart may seriously damage the heart muscle and can be life-threatening. Heart disease is a word that is commonly used, which means that the heart is not functioning habitually. When infants are born with heart disease, It is known as congenital heart disease. If people get heart disease later, it is called acquired heart disease. Most heart disorders are acquired. 

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in many countries, according to the WHO (and the CDC. The number of adults diagnosed in the US with heart disease stands at 26.6 million (11.3% of the adult population). Death rates due to heart disease during 2008-2010, were lowest in the West and highest in the South.

A heart attack (myocardial infarction or MI) is a serious medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is suddenly blocked, usually by a blood clot. The heart may not pump well or other kinds of heart problems may happen to the valves in the heart and cause heart failure. Some individuals are born with heart disease.  

According to a survey in 2005, most respondents—Ninety-two percent recognized chest pain as a symptom of a heart attack. Only twenty-seven percent were well informed of all vital symptoms and knew to call the emergency services when someone was having a heart attack. About forty-seven percent of sudden cardiac deaths occur outside a hospital. This advocates that many individuals with heart disease do not act on early warning signs.

It is important the caution signs and symptoms of a heart attack so that you can act quickly if you or someone you know may be having a heart attack. The possibilities of survival are greater when emergency treatment begins rapidly. A feeling of pressure, tightness, pain, squeezing or aching in the chest or arms that spread to the neck, jaw, or back can be a sign that a person is having a heart attack. 

Common heart attack signs and symptoms include:

  • Pressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back

  • Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Cold sweat

  • Fatigue

  • Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness

How to prevent a heart attack from happening?

The best way of preventing a heart attack is to have a healthy lifestyle. The best way on how to prevent heart disease naturally is to follow these steps

  • Eating a balanced, healthy diet is all you should know about how to prevent a heart attack with food

  • Getting plenty of exercises

  • Getting plenty of good quality sleep

  • Keeping diabetes under control

  • Keeping alcohol intake down and quit smoking

  • Maintaining blood cholesterol at optimum levels

  • Keeping blood pressure at a safe level

  • Maintaining a healthy body weight

  • Avoiding stress where possible

  • Learning how to manage stress

It may be helpful for people to learn more about the warning signs of a heart attack, as well. A glass of water before sleeping is the answer for how to avoid heart attack while sleeping. 

Heart disease prevention and treatment

Eating many fruits and vegetables can not only help prevent heart disease, but also may help improve your blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and improve diabetes. Eating two or more servings a week of certain fish, such as salmon and tuna, may decrease your risk of heart disease.

Generally, heart disease treatment can include:

  1. Lifestyle Modifications These are often the first steps to managing heart disease. Lifestyle changes include eating a heart-healthy diet low in sodium and fat, exercising regularly, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol use.

  2. Medication When lifestyle changes are not enough, your doctor may prescribe medication to treat heart disease. The type of drug prescribed will depend on the condition and severity.

Is heart disease preventable?

About 80 percent of deaths from coronary artery disease -- a name for heart disease caused by narrowing of the arteries which leads to reduced blood flow to the heart -- can be attributed to preventable factors like obesity, poor physical activity, heavy drinking, eating unhealthy foods and not keeping your blood pressure and cholesterol under control.

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