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What is Dentistry?

Dr. Akshara Potluri

Dr. Akshara Potluri

  Sarjapur main road, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   4 min     


Dentistry is the art of diagnosing, preventing and treating the problems related to teeth, mouth, and jaws. It also takes care of the nearby areas like face, head, neck, tongue, and salivary glands. Over the last decade, there has been much emphasis on the maintenance of the oral health of the people.

The professionals who check and treats all the oral problems are known as Dentist. They have undergone all the required medical training and passed all the exams to get the license so that they can practice their profession. They get assistance from a dental team which includes dental assistants, technicians, therapists, and hygienists.

Restorative dentistry is the study, diagnosis and integrated management of diseases of the teeth and their supporting structures and the rehabilitation of the dentition to functional and aesthetic requirements of the individual. Restorative dentistry encompasses the dental specialties of endodontics, periodontics, and prosthodontics and its foundation is based upon how these interact in cases requiring multifaceted care.

Areas of specialization of dentistry:

  1. Pediatric Dentistry: All the oral health needs of the children (from infants to adolescents) are covered by Pediatric Dentistry. It is that branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with providing a primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health diagnosis, care and consultative expertise for infants and children through adolescence, including those of all ages with special care needs.

  2. Periodontics: All the diseases related to gum and bone are taken care of by Periodontics. It is the branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and conditions of the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth or their substitutes and the maintenance of the health, function, and esthetics of these structures and tissues.

  3. Prosthodontics: Prosthodontics are concerned about the restoration of natural teeth and replacing the missing teeth. It is the branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, restoration, and maintenance of oral function, comfort, appearance and health of the patient by the restoration of natural teeth and/or the replacement of missing teeth and contiguous oral and maxillofacial tissues with artificial substitutes.

  4. Dental Public Health: The prevention and control of the disease have been taken care of by Dental public health through community efforts. It is the branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, prevention, and control of dental diseases and the promotion of oral health through organized community efforts. Dental Public Health serves the community through research, health promotion, education, and group dental care programs.

  5. Endodontic: It helps in diagnosing, preventing and treating all the issues related to the dental pulp and nearby tissues. It is the branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the morphology, physiology, and pathology of the dental pulp and periradicular tissues. Its study and practice encompass the basic clinical sciences, including biology of the normal pulp, and etiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases and injuries of the pulp and associated periradicular tissues.

  6. Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: All the diagnosis, identification and researches on the illness of the teeth, mouth and nearby areas are covered under Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. The branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the diagnosis, nature and primarily non-surgical management of oral, maxillofacial and temporomandibular diseases and disorders, including dental management of patients with medical complications. Oral medicine and oral pathology are two applied components of this specialty.

  7. Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology: With the help of imaging technologies like X-ray etc., the diagnosis and management of oral diseases are taken care of by Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. The branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the prescription, production, and interpretation of diagnostic images for the diagnosis and management of diseases and disorders of the craniofacial complex.

  8. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery takes care of all the surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of the oral and maxillofacial region and the mouth. The branch and specialty of dentistry which is concerned with and includes the diagnosis, surgical and adjunctive treatment of disorders, diseases, injuries, and defects, involving the functional and aesthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial regions and related structures.

  9. Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics: The diagnosis and treatment of all the dental and facial problems are specialized by Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics.  The branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with the supervision, guidance, and correction of the growing or mature dentofacial structures and the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of any abnormalities associated with these structures.

Cosmetic dentistry is generally used to refer to any dental work that improves the appearance of teeth, gums and/or bites. According to the World Health Organization, oral diseases are major public health problems due to their high incidence and prevalence across the globe, with the disadvantaged affected more than other socio-economic groups.

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Tags:  Dental treatments, Pediatric Dentistry,Periodontics,Prosthodontics,Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,dental problem, dentist, dentistry

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