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What to Ask the Doctor about Diabetes Medications?

Dr Paramesh S

Dr Paramesh S

  Kalyan nagar, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   3 min     

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Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of fuel. Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy. With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. The frequent question about diabetes type 2 is that why doesn't it show any symptoms. In this case, people can live for months, even years, without knowing they have the disease. You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs. 

There are a few different types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s unclear what causes this attack. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type.

  • Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.

  • Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.

  • Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.

Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes symptoms can be so mild that they’re hard to spot at first. Men with diabetes may have a decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction (ED), and poor muscle strength. Women with diabetes can have symptoms such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and dry, itchy skin. Diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar is elevated. Some people, especially those with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, may not experience symptoms initially. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms tend to come on quickly and be more severe. Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:

  • Increased thirst

  • Frequent urination

  • Extreme hunger

  • Unexplained weight loss

  • Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there's not enough available insulin)

  • Fatigue

  • Irritability

  • Blurred vision

  • Slow-healing sores

  • Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections

Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, though it often appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, can develop at any age, though it's more common in people older than 40. In some cases of type 2 diabetes, there are no symptoms. In this case, people can live for months, even years, without knowing they have the disease. This form of diabetes comes on so gradually that symptoms may not even be recognized.

People who take diabetes medications should have these diabetes question to ask doctor or health care provider. 

Some of the interesting questions about diabetes are:

  • Whether their diabetes medications could cause hypoglycemia?

  • When they should take their diabetes medications?

  • How much medication they should take?

  • Whether they should keep taking their diabetes medications when they are sick?

  • Whether they should adjust their medications before physical activity?

  • Whether they should adjust their medications if they skip a meal?

These are some smart questions about diabetes to ask about to your doctor in order to get rid of these deadly diseases.

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