Advancements in Cancer Treatments
Malleswaram, Bengaluru Apr 29, 2019
Cancer is a dreadful disease and can develop almost anywhere in the body. Cancer develops when cells start to grow uncontrollably. Some types of cancer form a tumor and some do not form a tumor. Therefore, experts believe that the earlier the cancer is being diagnosed, the better the chance of its being cured.
Medical science has been improved over the years. The researchers and advanced technology have changed the way cancer is treated. In most cases, a patient with cancer is maintaining a healthy life and living longer. Some of them are being cured.
Here are some exciting advancements in cancer treatments:
Your immune system is capable of hunting down and kill viruses and bacteria. Immunotherapy is a process which helps your immune system to find and attack cancer cells. The treatment works in two ways including:
- Preventing cancer from hiding
- Boosting your immune response against cancer
The main types of immunotherapy treatments used are:
Checkpoint inhibitors: The cells of your body have substances called checkpoints where cancer cells may hide so that your immune system cannot find and kill them. Checkpoint inhibitors remove these checkpoints to attack and destroy the cancer cells.
Monoclonal antibodies: Your immune system produces proteins which are called antibodies. These antibodies try to find out cancer cells. They are attached to a substance called antigens on those cells. Once connected, the antibodies send a signal that tells other immune cells to initiate an attack. Monoclonal antibodies are human-made antibodies that are designed to target specific antigens found on cancer cells.
Cancer vaccines: Preventive or Prophylactic and Treatment or Therapeutic vaccines are vaccines that teach your immune system to fight against diseases such as measles or mumps.
CAR T-cell therapy: Your immune system contains some important cells, known as T cells, which protect your body against invaders and viruses. CAR T-cell therapy is a procedure that helps T cells attack cancer more efficiently.
Cytokines: Cytokines are the proteins that help your body to control the activity and growth of immune cells. Also, it helps to boost your immune response against cancer.
Radiation therapy is a treatment which kills cancer cells with the help of an intense beam of energy. The advance medical treatments of radiation therapy include:
Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT): It involves an imaging scan including CT or MRI to focus the laser on the area which needs treatment. IGRT is being used to treat tumors in the liver or lungs.
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT): IMRT is a machine that aims the radiation beam in the affected area. It takes the highest dose of cancer radiation, but damages less healthy tissue in the vicinity.
Proton therapy: It involves radiation treatment which uses protons to kill cancer cells. Photon therapy is being used to treat tumors in the eye, prostate, liver, neck, head, esophagus, brain, breast, and colon.
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS): It involves a high dosage of radiation in the affected area to kill the cancer cells. SRS is being used to treat tumors in the spine and brain.
Operations that kill cancer kills has been the primary cancer treatment. The operation aims to remove cancer as much as possible. With robot-assisted surgery, the expert seeks to insert an advanced tool with a camera by making an incision in your body to reach the hard-to-get-to body parts. Robot-assisted surgery is being used to treat tumors in the uterus, prostate, kidneys, throat, ovaries, and bladder.
If you or someone you know is going through something similar, then remember that you are not alone. There are people and help that you can reach out to help you cope with these challenges. If you have a related question and want to consult with an expert then, you can find one near you on Medikoe. Medikoe helps you find and connect with the most qualified and experienced doctors near you.
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