Can My Hypoglycemia Turn Into Diabetes?
Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Feb 13, 2017
The body’s primary energy source is sugar; hypoglycemia is a condition where the blood sugar decreases below the normal levels. It is usually associated with diabetes, but various other factors can also lead to hypoglycemia.
The glucose levels which define hypoglycemia ranges from 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or 3.9 millimoles per litre (mmol/L) or below. Immediate medical attention is required in such conditions.
What are the symptoms of Hypoglycemia?
Some common symptoms of hypoglycemia are:
- Feeling Dizzy
- High heart rate
- Blurred vision
- Loss of consciousness
- Being pale
- Feeling weak
What are the types of Hypoglycemia and its Causes?
Hypoglycemia is further classified into two: Reactive and Non-Reactive, and both have different causes.
Reactive hypoglycemia refers to low blood sugar levels that usually occur after a meal due to overproduction of insulin. In most cases, the exact cause of reactive hypoglycemia is not known but is mostly related to the food eaten and the time taken to pass down through the intestine, etc. Eating frequent small meals regularly throughout the day may help in normalizing the condition.
On the other hand, non-reactive hypoglycemia isn’t necessarily related to meals and can be caused due to certain medications, consumption of alcohol, pregnancy, eating disorders, or disorders of liver, heart, or kidneys.
What are the complications associated with Hypoglycemia?
The brain needs glucose to function properly, and if the symptoms of hypoglycemia are ignored for an extended period, it may lead to unconsciousness. Besides the loss of consciousness, hypoglycemia can also lead to seizures and death.
Mildly low blood sugar levels are seen common but severely low blood sugar levels can be fatal to health. Immediate treatment is necessary since it can lead to seizures and nervous system damage. Carry the glucagon kit where everywhere you go.
Keep your loved ones or the people around you (friends, colleague, family members, and exercise partners) aware of your health condition and teach them how to handle the situation if the blood sugar drops too low. Since treating the condition as soon as possible is the best way of handling the case before it gets out of hands.
What are the treatments for Hypoglycemia?
Immediate initial treatment depends on the symptoms. Early symptoms can be treated by taking 15 to 20 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate. These are foods that are easily converted to sugar in the body such as glucose tablets, fruit juice, and sugar candy. Check blood sugar levels 15 minutes after treatment.
Preventing recurrent hypoglycemia requires identifying the underlying condition and treating it as early as possible. Depending on the underlying cause, the treatment may involve medications or removal of a tumor in the pancreas.
Can Hypoglycemia Turn Into Diabetes?
Hypoglycemia is generally linked to diabetes but to make it clear, it will not "turn into" diabetes.
It can be a pre-diabetic metabolic lesion. Patient with type II diabetes is seen sometimes to have Hypoglycemic at early stages and much later develop into type II diabetes. Well, one doesn't really "turn into" the other. If there is a family history of type II diabetes then the chance of developing diabetes increases irrespective to if you are hypoglycemic now or not. Overweight or frank obesity can also lead to such conditions.
So if you are hypoglycemic now take this as a reminder to watch your weight, eat healthily, exercise regularly, and adopt a healthy lifestyle. Turing hypoglycemic condition to diabetic condition is seen commonly in many cases where the patient doesn’t take the hypoglycemic condition seriously and follows a very unhealthy lifestyle.
Who can develop Hypoglycemia without diabetes?
Hypoglycemia without diabetes can happen both in children and adults. The risk of developing hypoglycemia without diabetes is higher in people:
- With obesity
- With a pre-diabetic state
- With a family history
- Fighting other health conditions
- Has undergone certain types of surgery on your stomach
Can drinking too much alcohol without consuming enough food cause Hypoglycemia?
Well, yes. Drinking too much alcohol without consuming enough food can lower your blood glucose level. This is because alcohol (in the body) makes it difficult to keep the blood glucose level steady (especially when you are on your empty stomach). Consuming too much alcohol may also lead to severe hypoglycemia since it keeps you from feeling the symptoms of hypoglycemia.
How to prevent Hypoglycemia if you have diabetes?
Following actions can help you prevent hypoglycemia:
- Check your blood glucose level regularly
- Stay active and physically fit
- Eat your meals on time
- Do not starve yourself
- Snack healthy regularly
- Stay stress-free!
Talk to your doctor for more information. You can even find one here on Medikoe. Find an experienced and certified healthcare specialist near you on Medikoe answer all your questions.