Cardiovascular Disease and Physiotherapy
Dr Ankita Bhatia
Tilakwadi, Belagavi Mar 25, 2019
Cardiovascular disease refers to the various heart and circulatory system conditions. These conditions include,
Heart disease involves many problems, and most of them are connected to a process called atherosclerosis. This is a condition which generates when plaque, a substance builds up in the walls of the arteries. The buildup of plaque narrows the arteries by which the flow of the blood through it gets decreased. If blood clot forms, it can stop the flow of the blood which causes stroke and heart attack.
A heart attack happens when the movement of the blood gets interrupted or blocked by a blood clot. If this clot completely cuts off the flow of blood, the part of the heart muscle supplied by that artery starts to die. Most people recover from their first heart attack and start living a normal life but experiencing a heart attack is a signal that you need to make some severe changes in your daily activities.
A stroke occurs when the blood vessel gets blocked because of the clot formation. When the supply of the blood to the brain is cut off, brain cells start to die. This leads to the loss of signals from the brain, such as talking or walking.
Cardiovascular disease has become one of the severe and leading causes of death worldwide. However, by addressing many behavioral risk factors such as obesity, uses of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity, many of the cardiovascular diseases can be managed and prevented.
How Can Physiotherapy Help Cardiovascular Disease?
Physical Therapy can help in diverse ways to treat cardiovascular disease. Physiotherapist recommends supervised exercise program which is created and developed by them to understand your needs and address your needs. Cardiovascular disease patient may have different symptoms, therefore; it is vital to go for a medical assessment so that an appropriate exercise program can be carried out for you.
Strength training and aerobic conditioning are the primary interventions that are used to treat the symptoms of bad heart health.
Aerobic conditioning is where the lungs and heart are educated to pump the blood more efficiently around the body, allowing for greater oxygen distribution in the organs and muscles. Aerobic Conditioning includes cycling, swimming, rowing, and walking.
Resistance training and strength training can also help to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease. Hence, engaging yourself in an aerobic and endurance exercise can prevent many of the cardiac conditions. Also, it enhances the functional capacity, improves blood cholesterol, reduces the symptoms of angina, and controls your hypertension