Early signs and symptoms of diabetes
Dr. Naresh Kumar Gupta Clinic
Model town lii, Delhi Dec 29, 2018
Diabetes is a group of diseases in which a person has high blood glucose levels which cause various serious health problems. It is either caused due to inadequate insulin production (type 1) or due to the improper response of the body’s cells to insulin (type 2) or both the causes simultaneously. It can lead to various metabolic and cardiovascular conditions which can be life-threatening. Therefore, it is very important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of diabetes.
Common symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2:
The following early symptoms are common to both the major forms of diabetes:
- Loss of energy: you may be feeling constantly fatigued as the body is unable to process food due to lack of insulin or due to the poor response of the cells.
- Frequent urination: the body reabsorbs glucose as it passes through the kidneys but an increased glucose level may make the job difficult for kidneys. Thus, it makes the body produce more urine and you may need to urinate frequently. The amount of urine may get increased too.
- Due to frequent urination, the body requires excessive fluids, and hence increased thirst is a natural consequence.
- Because of the same reason, your mouth may feel dry and skin itchy as the fluids are used up to make urine.
- You may also develop blurred vision due to swelling of the lenses (again due to changing fluid levels in the body).
Symptoms specific to Type 1:
- Weight loss: since the body is not able to process energy from food, it starts burning fats and muscles for energy.
- Nausea and vomiting are caused due to ketone production as a result of burning fats.
Symptoms specific to Type 2:
- Yeast infections in and around the moist areas of the body like underneath the breasts, between fingers, or around sex organs.
- Pain or numbness in the feet.
- Slow healing of sores or cuts.
You must immediately contact your doctor if you have the above signs and symptoms and get it diagnosed properly. Early diagnosis can be very effective in managing diabetes. After diagnosis, your doctor may recommend and alter your diet, lifestyle, exercises, and may prescribe insulin or oral medication depending on your condition.