Medihope Super Speciality Hospital
Malleshpalya, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
Acute illnesses and accidents demand utmost attention and care. Quite often, the reasons for such illnesses or the immediate effect thereof on the body are not known. The radiologic aspects and diagnostic mechanisms provide quick and detailed information about the affected person. As the name suggests, emergency radiology(ER) is the sub-branch of radiology that is concerned with the patients in the emergency room.
Before the advent of radiology, patients with acute illnesses or victims of accidents etc had very low chances of survival as much of the time was spent in analysis and diagnosis of the disease/wound. With the help of emergency radiology, the same tasks can now be done in just seconds and immediate care can be provided to the patients. Broadly speaking, the methods of ER are quite similar to those of Radiology but still require specialization for emergency treatment as in such cases, time is a serious constraint. Some of the methods and techniques used in emergency radiology are:
Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI):
MRI uses radio waves and magnetic fields to obtain images. It does not expose the body to radiations and hence there are no chances of allergic reactions. MRI produces an extremely detailed structure of soft tissues that no other method can achieve.
A CT-scan uses X rays to view the body in cross section and ignores overlapping of body parts. It also gives details about the shape, size, density and texture of body parts. This information can be obtained in just seconds which is very useful considering the emergency aspect of Radiology.
An ultrasound is the safest method of imaging as it does not require exposure of any sort. It is a great tool especially in diseases of bladder, abdomen, and in acute pain and emergencies in cases of pregnancy.
It is the most common method of imaging in the emergency room. Be it determining fractures in cases of accidents to chest x-rays for heart diseases, x-ray imaging is of paramount importance.
These modern technologies have significantly increased the chances of survival in cases of emergencies and acute diseases.