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Home > Health Hub > Article > Gingival Recession- a gradual dental problem

Gingival Recession- a gradual dental problem

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 13, 2017

   5 min     

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Overview

A healthy smile can be a significant asset, and it is due to this that it makes reason to give your teeth the best safekeeping possible. Caring for your teeth hygiene also includes protecting your gums and maintaining a healthy mouth.

What are gums?

The gums, or gingivae, are comprised of pink tissue in the mouth that touches the root surfaces of your teeth. For each set of your teeth, there is one gum (or gingiva).

The gingival tissue is thick and dense with an adequate supply of blood vessels underneath a moist surface, known as the mucous membrane. The gingival tissue joins with the rest of the mouth covering, but the colour is pink, and not shiny red.

The gums are securely attached to the jawbone and firmly cover each tooth up to the neck. When unimpaired, the gums include the base of the teeth and shield them.

Problems with your gums

Gingival or gum recession is a common dental problem which most people won't be knowing it because it occurs slowly. It is a condition in which the margin of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth fade away or recede, exposing more of the tooth surface is gum recession. 

When this gingival recession occurs, there is a formation of "pockets," or gaps, between the teeth and gum line (as the gum pulls away it exposes more of the tooth surface), creating a possibility for disease-causing bacteria to build up. 

If the bacteria are allowed to accumulate, they begin to affect the gum tissues and gradual eat into the supporting bone. The left untreated gingivitis can cause significant damage to the shielding tissue and bone structures of the teeth that may eventually lead to tooth loss.

Gingival Recession Symptoms

Many people may have no concerns about their receding gums early on and might not be conscious that their gums are damaging. As it is a very gradual process, there are a few signs and symptoms that indicate gum recession

  • Tooth sensitivity

  • A tooth beginning to look longer

  • Notch like feeling along the gum line

Most eminently, receding gums can be a sign of underlying dental problems that include gum disease, and can raise the risk of tooth caries and tooth loss. They can also commence to bad breath and bleeding gums.

Causes of Gingival Recession

Several factors can cause your gums to recede, including:

  • Periodontal diseases cause gum recession supporting the bacteria to infect the mouth, destroying gum tissue and the bones that support the teeth. This gum disease is the main reason for receding gums.

  • This condition is genetic, so if your parents have this condition, then chances are you are more susceptible and may already be predisposed to gum recession. Studies reveal that 30% of the population may be activated to gum disease, despite how adequately they care for their teeth.

  • Inadequate oral care like when you don't rinse, brush and floss thoroughly with an antibacterial mouthwash. It becomes easy for plaque to transform into calculus (tartar), a hard substance that develops on and between your teeth. A professional dental cleaning can only remove it. 

  • Excess and aggressive tooth brushing can damage the gums. While brushing your teeth too hard or the inaccurate fashion, can make the enamel on your teeth to wear away and thus causing the gums to recede.

  • Hormonal changes like during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause, can cause more sensitive gums and more exposed to gum recession, as there are inconstancies in female hormone levels during these days. 

Gingival Recession Treatment

In case you have gum recession, it is highly recommended that you visit your dentist and obtain the treatment of gingivitis before it causes severe damage. 

Dentists may give you suggestions on prevention and monitoring the gums. But, for people who do have severe medical conditions for their tooth decay, numerous options are available:

  • Deep cleaning is usually chosen for the mild gum recession treatment to get rid of the plaque build-up inside the mouth, and the exposed roots are smoothened to protect it from bacteria.

  • Gum surgery might be required to repair the damage caused in more of the serious cases. This includes procedures like regeneration of damaged/lost bone, scaling of gum tissue and grafting.

  • Desensitising agents, varnishes, and dentin bonding agents are the products that intend to decrease the sensitivity of the exposed tooth root. Desensitising agents heal nerve symptoms and improve oral hygiene.

  • Pink porcelain or composite can be utilised to fill the gaps of the receded gums.

  • Composite restoration of a tooth-coloured can be used by the dentist to cover the root surfaces and can also close the black gaps between teeth.

  • Detachable gum veneers may be used to artificially substitute the broad area of gum tissue gaps due to recession. These veneers are usually acrylic or silicone. 

  • Orthodontics is the procedures that gently move the position of the teeth over a long period. This shifting can fix the gum margin and make it easier to clean your teeth. 

Gingival Recession Prevention

You can control some of the causes of gingival recession by

  • The most apparent, preventable reason is brushing the teeth too hard or using a toothbrush which is hard-bristled. Preferably, people should use a soft-bristled toothbrush and avoid over-brushing.

  • Plaque accumulation and tartar can commence periodontal diseases, so maintaining good oral health and hygiene can also ascertain good gum health.

  • Eating a healthy, balanced diet can not only provide you with better physical health but also protect you from dental issues.

  • Quit smoking if you do as it is a significant contributor

  • Visit your dentist for a timely checkup and to discuss your worries. 

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Tags:  Dental treatments,oral hygiene , dental hygiene, gum surgery, bad breath, bleeding gum, tooth decay, oral hygiene, brushing teeth

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