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HEALTHY PREGNANCY

Soul Kshetra

Soul Kshetra

  Aecs layout, Bengaluru     Feb 9, 2017

   7 min     

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Overview

Being healthy in pregnancy is of absolute importance. If a woman is not concerned about well-being during pregnancy, chances of her baby developing various health conditions grow multiple folds. So, if someone is preparing for pregnancy or is already pregnant, she must make sure for her health, and so for her child.

There are many tell-tale implications of a healthy pregnancy. Of course, the first sign is whether the baby will be well and beautiful or not, is by knowing about the mother’s health. Besides this, there are many signs a pregnant woman can look out for if she wants to make sure that her fertility is going all hale and hearty. 

During your pregnancy, there are a lot of new things to think about primarily related to healthy eating. You have to let go of your old eating habits and focus on getting the proper nutrition for you and your baby. Check out our Healthy Pregnancy plate to find out what’s okay to eat?

SIGNS OF HEALTHY PREGNANCY

1. Blood Pressure

The blood pressure and blood sugar levels timely check is necessary for a healthy pregnant woman. She should follow up on these tests in all the trimesters because, during pregnancy, these levels fluctuate. It is common for a pregnant woman to undergo high blood pressure during pregnancy. However, it can also lead to a condition called preeclampsia, which is a severe condition and may even begin the need to go for preterm contractions.

2. The levels of progesterone and oestrogen

These two are the necessary hormones of pregnancy. Their optimal amount determines a healthy pregnancy. 

  • Progesterone: When a woman is pregnant, her body produces 400 mg of progesterone which is twenty times more than a healthy non-pregnant woman (20mg). The hormone is required to keep the menses away by fixing up the endometrium.

  • Oestrogen: This hormone is required for the growth of the uterus from 60 grams (before pregnancy) to 1200 grams (during the pregnancy).

3. Growth of the embryo

The right growth of the embryo is figured out through an ultrasound. As the month’s progress in pregnancy, the weight of the mother also increases. This change also indicates the right growth of the foetus. If there’s any difficulty or interference in the process, it will not grow suitably and hence; it can interrupt your pregnancy.

4. The placenta’s position

For a successful pregnancy and no miscarriage, the placenta needs to stay inside the uterus and connected to it till the end of pregnancy. If the placenta is disconnected prematurely, it can lead to the terminus of the pregnancy.

5. Gaining the right weight 

If a woman weighed within her normal range when she was not pregnant, then the gain in weight should be about 13 to 15 kilos. However, if she was always overweight, the doctors would advise her a relatively lesser weight gain.

6. The growth of the abdomen 

The doctor will guide whether the increase in the size of the belly is average, more or less.

7. The foetal actions 

The foetal movements reveal whether the baby is receiving an optimum amount of oxygen in the foetus. The pregnant woman experiences them ideally between the 6th and 10th week of fertility. 

IS SEX DURING EARLY PREGNANCY HEALTHY?

Sex during pregnancy is the last thing on some women’s brains, mainly when they are suffering from nausea, vomiting, and intense fatigue. Other women, however, desire for sex in pregnancy. Also, some men may find nothing more sensual than a pregnant woman, but other men may be too worried about hurting the baby or their pregnant partner to enjoy sex.

But crave aside, is sex during pregnancy even safe?

According to an expert, sex during pregnancy is extremely safe for most women with uncomplicated, low-risk pregnancies. 

During the initial trimester, many women describe no strong desire for sex because they feel weak and queasy, but during the next trimester, they feel better. There are more lubrication and engorgement in the genital area.

HOW TO KNOW BABY IS HEALTHY IN PREGNANCY?

Every parent aspires to have a healthy baby and lives over a long period for the same. But, absence of knowledge may, sometimes, lead to an unanticipated result. Therefore, following the signs of a healthy embryo becomes crucial. 

Symptoms of a healthy baby

  • A foetal movement starting from 5th month

  • Normal Growth Check

  • The heartbeat of the baby from the 5th month

  • Position at the time of pre-labour

  • Weight gain and Belly of expecting mom

Signs of an Unhealthy baby

  • Abnormal fundal height

  • Lack of or no heartbeat

  • Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)

  • Low HCG level

  • Excess cramping during pregnancy

  • Extreme back pain

  • Vaginal discharge during pregnancy

  • Sudden discontinuation of morning sickness

  • Fever during pregnancy

  • Contraction of breast size

  • No foetal movement

  • A sudden spike in blood sugar levels

  • Changes in placental position

HEALTHY PREGNANCY TIPS

Bearing a baby is an exhilarating experience that often motivates women to make healthier lifestyle preferences and, if required, work toward a healthy body weight. Here you’ll find tips and advice on how to adjust your eating and physical activity practices when you’re in your pregnancy period and after your baby is born. These tips can also be beneficial if you’re not pregnant but are thinking about becoming a mother. By following these points, you can give your future baby the best possible beginning of life and be an excellent example to your family for a lifetime.

1. Gaining a Healthy Amount of Weight

Obtaining a proper amount of weight during pregnancy eases your baby to grow healthy. But, over gaining weight may commence serious health complications for you and your baby.

Gaining too much weight during pregnancy increases your chances of developing gestational diabetes, high blood pressure and other health problems may be even higher. You could also be more inclined to have a cesarean section (C-section).

The following advisable rate of weight gain:

  • 1 to 4 pounds in the first three months

  • After fourth months, 2 to 4 pounds each month until delivery

2. Healthy diet and exercise for pregnancy

Eating healthy foods and low-calorie refreshments, particularly water, and the proper number of calories may help you and your baby gain an adequate amount of weight.

Exercises and physical activity also play an equal role in a pregnant woman. According to current guidelines, most women need the same amount of physical activity as they did before becoming pregnant.

  • Healthy food for pregnancy

  • Having 2-3 servings of nonfat milk or yoghurt. Choose yoghurt containing less sugar.

  • Drink more quantity of water avoid sugary beverages, tea and coffee.

  • Include high protein sources in your diet like beans, nuts, low mercury seafood, eggs, tofu, poultry, low-fat cheese etc. Avoid processed meats.

  • Snack on whole fruits limits the intake of juice and dried fruits.

  • Apricots, mangoes, oranges, pears, pomegranates, bananas, guavas are some healthy fruits for pregnancy.

  • Eat large portions of a variety of non-starchy vegetables, e.g. spinach, broccoli, carrots, cabbage, peppers etc.

  • Choose very less quantity of oil, preferably olive oil and canola oil for cooking.

  • Make whole grains part of your diet, e.g. whole wheat bread, brown rice, oats, quinoa, whole-wheat pasta and consume healthy starches like acorn squash, sweet potatoes, lentils and beans. Limit consumption of white rice, white bread and fried potatoes.

  • Corn is healthy in pregnancy. It is rich in minerals and vitamins C, B1, B5, dietary fibre and magnesium. 

  • Choose food produced having healthy fats like nuts, seeds and avocados.Exercises and workouts

Do’s for Exercises and workouts

  • Practice moderate-intensity aerobic activity

  • Use back, chest and legs to enhance your heart rate and breathing

  • Active walking in your nearby park or lane

  • Make a habit of prenatal yoga to reduce backaches

  • Drink fluids beforehand, during, and after being physically active

  • Stop exercising if you feel lightheaded, short of breath, tiredness, or sick to your abdomen

  • Talk to your health care expert about other physical exercises which you should not do

Don'ts for Exercises and workouts

  • Don’t involve in games where you could fall or hurt your abdomens

  • Avoid active exercise outside during scorching weather

  • Avoid activities where you have to lie flat on your back after week 12 in your pregnancy

  • Don’t use steam rooms, hot tubs, and saunas

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Tags:  Pregnancy, Healthy Diet, Nutrition,HEALTHY PREGNANCY

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