Heart Disease and Infertility: Understanding the Connection
Dr. Sunil Dwivedi
Vasanth nagar, Bengaluru Apr 4, 2019
Heart disease is a term that describes problems or disorders with the heart. Arrhythmia (heart rhythm problems), coronary heart disease, and myocardial infarction are some examples of heart diseases.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
- Ingestion, Nausea, Stomach Pain, or Heartburn
- Chest Discomfort
- Lightheadedness or dizziness
- Pain that spreads to the arm
- Jaw or throat pain
- A long-lasting cough
- Irregular heartbeat
- Swollen feet, ankles, and legs
Infertility in Men
Male infertility is a condition that is experienced by most people (occurs in males). There are a number of reasons for infertility, such as blockages that prevent delivery, low sperm count, lifestyle choices, and health conditions. Some of the medical conditions that cause male infertility are Infections, Hormonal Imbalance, Varicocele, Klinefelter’s Syndrome, etc.
Infertility in Women
The condition where women cannot conceive after trying for one year or unable to stay pregnant is referred to as female infertility. The most common cause of female infertility includes damage to Fallopian tubes or uterus, problems with ovulation, or problems with the cervix.
Heart Disease and Infertility
Infertility and heart disease may not seem to be linked, but there may be an odd combination. There is a strong connection between infertile men and women and their heart as they have chances of discovering heart-related problems in them.
- Infertility may be a Red Flag for future health issues. Both men and women with infertility may experience risk for developing chronic conditions like heart disease and diabetes.
- Men struggling with infertility are at higher risk of developing heart disease and diabetes. Environmental factors such as exposure to harmful elements can play a significant role in triggering infertility in men.
- Women struggling with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) often develop high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and high blood sugar. All these factors are connected with heart disease. PCOS is an imbalance of hormone that affects ovulation and menstruation. Hair loss, depression, menstrual problems, insulin issues, and acne are some of the symptoms of PCOS.
- Healthy men don’t often realize that they are at the risk of metabolic disease until they undergo a fertility test. Their hormone evaluations, sperm health, and blood provide many details regarding their current and future general health.
How Can Male Infertility Be Treated?
- Surgery can be performed to correct Varicocele
- Antibiotic treatments to address reproductive tract infection
- Taking medications to improve fertility
- Drugs or treatments to address hormone imbalance
- Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Treatment
How Can Female Infertility Be Treated?
The following methods can treat female infertility:
- Take supplements to improve fertility
- Proper medications to activate ovulation
- Use antibiotics to eliminate an infection
- Taking hormones to address a hormone imbalance, a short menstrual cycle, or an endometriosis
- Go for minor surgery for removing scar or blockage tissues from the Fallopian tubes, pelvic area, or uterus
Both men and women who undergo fertility treatment should make changes in their lifestyle by including a good diet, avoiding smoking, getting regular exercise, reducing alcohol consumption, and paying attention to levels of blood pressure and cholesterol.
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