Home care and 6 Different Patient Safety Issues
S g palaya, Bengaluru Apr 8, 2019
Doctors and nurses play an essential role in keeping patients well and ensuring their safety. However, both are linked to each other which leads to concerns such as hand hygiene, transition of care, and medication errors.
Here are some ongoing patient safety challenges:
- Patient Diagnostics Safety: Incorrect diagnosis of acute conditions is one of the significant problems that affect the safety of patients. Moreover, there are diagnostic risks associated with reporting of test results and loss of specimen.
- Antibiotic Resistance: Resistance to currently prescribed practices and lack of new antibiotic can be a significant obstacle to patients’ safety. Hence, it is essential to develop preventive solutions, including antimicrobial stewardship programs, which can play a significant role in changing antibiotic prescribing practices.
- Medication Safety: Medication errors are mainly communication errors. It may be between provider and patient, pharmacist and provider, or patient and pharmacist. It can be improved by introducing an electronic reconciliation tool.
- Hand Hygiene: It is one of the significant problems that affect the safety of the patient. The lack of proper hand hygiene compliance, such as wearing sterile gloves while performing knee injections or not conducting adequate hand hygiene practices leads to numerous infections. Hospitals and health clinics can improve hand hygiene by implementing interventions, such as supplying patients with handheld signs to remind doctors to wash their hands.
- Unnecessary Emergency Department (ED) Admissions: In hospitals or health clinics, there are patients from all age groups. If patients visiting hospital are old, most likely they will have acute (and chronic) condition. Hence, it is vital for the hospitals to heed to alternative care methods and strategies which reduce the pressure on an emergency department. Hospitals and health clinics can opt for various tech-based options, such as sensor-based wearable technologies and home health devices to monitor patients’ health.
- Cybersecurity of Medical Devices and Patient Data Privacy: Hospitals encounter data breaches which can be improved by implementing security measures and new technologies like blockchain (uses cryptography to secure data) to protect the hospital’s devices from cyber attacks and hackers.
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