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Homeopathy for Addison’s disease in humans

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 12, 2017

   5 min     

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Addison's disease, also known as primary adrenal insufficiency and hypocortisolism, is a long-term endocrine disorder in which the adrenal glands do not produce enough steroid hormones. It is a health condition where the adrenal glands don’t function properly. Addison's disease is caused by an autoimmune response, which occurs when the body's immune system (which protects it from infection) assaults its organs and tissues. In simple words, In Addison's disease, the adrenal gland is damaged, and not enough cortisol and aldosterone are produced.

Addison's disease, also known as adrenal insufficiency or hypoadrenalism, is an uncommon disorder that occurs when your body doesn't produce enough of certain hormones. It occurs when the outer layer of the adrenal glands are damaged. Addison's disease is a rare endocrine or hormonal disorder that affects about 1 in 100,000 people. A special term called Addisonian crisis is a serious medical condition caused by the body’s inability to produce a sufficient amount of cortisol. An Addisonian crisis is a potentially life-threatening condition that results from an acute insufficiency of adrenal hormones (glucocorticoid or mineralocorticoid) and requires immediate treatment

In Addison's disease, called adrenal insufficiency, the adrenal glands don't make enough of a hormone called cortisol, or less often, a related hormone called aldosterone. For this reason, the disease is sometimes called chronic adrenal insufficiency, or hypocortisolism. Addison's disease is caused by damage to the adrenal glands, which make hormones to control multiple metabolic processes in the body, and balance body salt and water. The adrenal glands are two small glands that sit on top of the kidneys. They produce essential hormones: cortisol, aldosterone, and adrenaline. 

Addison's disease occurs in all age groups and both sexes and can be life-threatening. It is a rare but serious adrenal gland disorder in which the body can't produce enough of two critical hormones, cortisol and aldosterone. Patients with Addison's will need hormone replacement therapy for life. Addison's disease is caused by the destruction of the cortex of each adrenal gland. This means that the adrenal gland cannot produce the hormones glucocorticoids (especially cortisol), mineralocorticoids (especially aldosterone) and sex steroids. People with Addison's disease develop symptoms as a result of this loss of adrenal hormones.

Cortisol is normally produced by the adrenal glands, located just above the kidneys. Cortisol helps the body respond to stress, including the stress of illness, injury, or surgery. It also helps maintain blood pressure, heart function, the immune system, and blood glucose (sugar) levels. Cortisol's most important job is to help the body respond to stress. Because cortisol is so vital to health, the amount of cortisol produced by the adrenal's is precisely balanced. Like many other hormones, cortisol is regulated by the brain's hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, a bean-sized organ at the base of the brain.  

Some of the other vital tasks are-

  • Helps slow the immune systems inflammatory response;
  • Helps balance the effects of insulin in breaking down sugar for energy
  • Helps maintain blood pressure and cardiovascular function
  • Helps regulate the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.

Aldosterone affects the balance of sodium and potassium in the blood. This, in turn, controls the amount of fluid the kidneys remove as urine, which affects blood volume and blood pressure. Aldosterone belongs to a class of hormones called mineralocorticoids, also produced by the adrenal glands. When aldosterone production falls too low, the kidneys are not able to regulate salt and water balance, causing blood volume and blood pressure to drop.

Symptoms of Addison’s disease-

  • Fatigue
  • Lethargy
  • Weight Loss
  • Muscle Weakness
  • Poor Mood
  • Dehydration
  • Frequent Urination
  • Cravings for Salty Foods
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Cramps
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Low Libido
  • Missed Periods
  • Delayed Puberty
  • Abdominal and Back Pain

Homeopathic Remedy for Addison’s disease-

Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological condition. Homeopathy can offer good relief to patients with Addison’s disease. The homeopathic medicines can help in stimulating the adrenal glands to improve the secretion of the hormones and thus control the disease process. Homeopathy medicines can help in stimulating the adrenal glands to improve the secretion of hormones and thus control the disease process. Homeopathic medicines can help the body to improve its functions rather than simply supplementing the hormones externally. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution, family history, presenting symptoms, underlying pathology, possible causative factors, etc. Arsenicum is the most homeopathic of all remedies to this disease. Both the disease and drug have nerve depression, gastric irritation, general debility, feeble heart action and tendency to vomit. The skin symptoms have also a curious similarity; both the burning and the discoloration have been found in several cases of poisoning by Arsenic.

Some remedies to be thought of are Thuja; Natrum muriaticum, which especially corresponds to the languor, muscular fatigue, indigestion, melancholia, etc., so often present at the onset of the disease; Belladonna, Calcarea carbonica, Iodine, and Phosphorus. Arsenicum iodatum is also especially worthy of a trial. Tuberculinum may also be well indicated. Boenninghausen gives Antimonium crudum, Nitric acid, Secale and Spigelia as remedies producing a bronzed skin. Argentum nitricum is a promising remedy and has greatly benefited one case. It produces a loss of appetite, chronic wasting, and diarrhea. The fact that it stains the skin by its chemical action is of no therapeutic value. 

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