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Home > Health Hub > Article > Inflammation of the Tooth Pulp - Pulpitis

Inflammation of the Tooth Pulp - Pulpitis

Priya dental clinic

Priya dental clinic

  Koramangala,      Feb 9, 2017

   1 min     

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Pulpitis result from an inflammatory reaction of the pulp inside the tooth. The pulp belongs to the interior of the tooth containing cells and nerves. The pulp is a spongy soft tissue of nerves and blood vessels encased by tooth structure. In the crown, the enamel and dentine encase the pulp.

Pulpitis may be,

Reversible: The pulp is able to heal if the irritation is removed by the eg by doing the filling in the case of decay.

Irreversible: The pulp is unable to heal and requires pulp and requires pulp therapy or root canal treatment.

Causes

  • Tooth decay
  • Gum disease
  • Food impacted in your gum
  • Tooth has suffered trauma
  • Crack in filling or tooth
  • Sinusitis
  • Chronic, distressing pain related to a tooth

Symptoms

  • Pain on eating or drinking hot or cold food/drinks
  • Dull ache in the jaw
  • Pain which is spontaneous and throbbing
  • Tenderness at the tooth on touching and biting
  • Pain which may interrupt sleep
  • Pain which may be referred to head, temple or ear

Diagnosis

  • Clinical evaluation
  • Sometimes dental x-rays

Diagnosis is based on the history and physical examination, which make use of provoking stimuli. Dentists may also use an electric pulp tester, which indicates whether the pulp is alive but not whether it is healthy. If the patient feels the small electrical charge delivered to the tooth, the pulp is alive.

X-ray help to determine whether inflammation has extended beyond the tooth apex and help exclude other conditions.

Treatments

  • Drilling and filling for reversible pulpitis
  • Root canal and crown or extraction for irreversible pulpitis.
  • Antibiotics for infection

Prevention

The best way to prevent a toothache is to prevent dental disease. Decay can be prevented by,

  • A sensible diet i.e., limit snacking in between meals, and the consumption of refined carbohydrates.
  • Brushing teeth with a fluoride toothpaste twice daily.
  • Flossing at least once a day.
  • Regular visits the dentist for a check-up.
Tags:  Dental treatments,oral hygiene ,

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