Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru Feb 14, 2017
Have you noticed any new, concerning symptoms affecting your penis? They could be a sign of several things, from a gentle skin condition to a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that demands treatment.
Problem with your penis directly affects your sexual life as well as your overall well-being. But remember it is way common than you would think. One in five men reports consistent and repeated problems in their "pee-pee".
Common Penis Disorders
Here are the most common conditions that affect the penis are:
Balanitis is a common problem that can occur in men at any age. It is said that circumcision plays an essential role in Balanitis. Studies suggest that Balanitis is more common in uncircumcised men than circumcised men.
foreskin inflammation and redness
tender and painful genital skin
discomfort or itching around your genital area
abnormal discharge from your penis head
2. Peyronie's disease
An abnormal curvature of the penis caused in the erectile tissue by the scar tissue is the Peyronie's disease. The scar tissue prevents the penis from being straight, mainly observed during an erection, and can result in plaque.
- sharp bend of the penis
- solid lumps of tissue on the penis shaft or all the way around
- pain when you ejaculate
- penis shortening
3. Yeast infection
Yes, men can also get yeast infections, which is caused by a fungus. It grows as a red rash or white, shiny patches on the skin of your penis.
Other symptoms include:
- moist penis skin
- a chunky-like substance underneath the foreskin or different skin folds
- a burning sensation on the penis surface
4. Erectile dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction occurs when you can’t have or perceive an erection. It may be a cause of stress or anxiety, but if it’s repeatedly happening, it may be a hint of an underlying health issue.
- lack of engagement in sex
- difficulty getting erection
- trouble enduring an erection during sex
5. Premature ejaculation
Premature ejaculation occurs when semen is discharged soon than desired — generally after a minute of sexual activity.
It is not necessarily a health issue, but it can obstruct sexual life and prompt relationship problems for some. If it happens frequently, you might need to consult your doctor.
Less Familiar Penis Diseases
Priapism refers to the painful erection that lasts for more than four hours. You may get a hard penis shaft, soft head and pain.
There are two types of priapism:
low-flow (ischemic), in which blood gets stuck in the tissues of your penis
high-flow (nonischemic), which is produced by damaged blood vessels affecting the blood flow in your penis.
Endeavour emergency medical consideration as pooled blood loses oxygen and can cause permanent impairment.
2. Penile cancer
Cancer that commences in the cells of the penis is known as penile cancer. Developing penile cancer is an uncommon condition.
Sign of penile cancer includes swelling, burning sensation, itchiness, unusual lump, and even bleeding from your penis. If neglected, it can expand to other parts of your body.
3. Penile fracture
A penile fracture happens when you injure your penis and damage the tissues that make your penis hard when you have an erection.
You may experience any popping sound, intense pain, discolouration on penis skin, bleeding, trouble peeing. It’s a matter of medical emergencies to avoid any permanent damage.
Here, the foreskin of the penis becomes so tight that it cannot be pulled back off the head of the penis. Phimosis is a manageable condition that doesn’t need treatment unless it hinders the normal functioning like erections or urination.
It is a condition where the foreskin gets stuck behind the penis head, which could also lead to a cut off in circulation to this part. This is a serious case, and people who have this should see a doctor immediately. This could be due to:
Penis piercing that causes pain and swelling
Mishandling of foreskin
Pulling back the foreskin for too long during sex that may cause excess swelling, trapping the skin behind
Penile Skin Conditions
Some skin conditions can also affect your penis.
1. Skin cancer: While skin cancer is more typical in sun-exposed areas, it can also affect covered areas, including your penis. You may find any new spots, growths or changes over time.
2. Psoriasis: Genital psoriasis appears when you acquire rash-like outbreaks as an outcome of your immune system attacking tissues. This can hamper your penis, buttocks, and thighs.
3. Lichen planus: Lichen planus is also an immune system infirmity that can cause a blemish on your penis. It’s similar to psoriasis, but lichen planus rashes are bumpier, purplish, discoloured lumps on your penis that spread beyond your genital area.
4. Contact dermatitis: It is a type of skin rash that appears from susceptibility to an allergen, irritant, or sun exposure, which goes away sooner.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Most people think directly to STIs when they see unusual symptoms involving their penis. If you have an STI, it’s essential to get treatment and avoid expanding it to your sexual partners.
1. Chlamydia: It is a bacterial infection, which is spread through unprotected genital or anal intercourse. It doesn’t always make symptoms at first, but over time it can cause a burning sensation while urinating, yellow or green discharge, testicular pain, ejaculation pain or fever.
2. Genital herpes: It is a viral infection which is caused by the HSV-1 or HSV-2 virus, and can be spread through saliva or genital fluids. You can catch an HSV infection from unprotected genital, anal, or oral sex.
3. Genital warts and HPV: Genital warts are tiny, soft bumps caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is one of the most typical sexually transmitted infections for all sexes. Genital warts direct to pop up certain weeks after you’ve had unprotected genital, oral, or anal sex.
4. Gonorrhoea: Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, spread through unprotected genital, oral, or anal sex. Symptoms may be similar to chlamydia.
Prevention for Healthy Penis
Be sexually responsible for using condoms or maintaining a mutually monogamous relationship with the partner.
Get vaccinated to prevent cancers
Stay physically active
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
Practice good hygiene
Know your medications
Pay attention to your mental health
Stop smoking and limit the alcohol
When to consult a doctor?
Pain or swelling in your penis
Itchy rashes or small red bumps
An unusual discharge
Blood in your urine or semen
An erection continuing for 4 hours or more
A tight foreskin
Treatment for Penis Disorders
To assist you in understanding the treatment options, here are a few pieces of information to help you make decisions.
Increasing Sexual Desire: Treatment is not always needed for every sexual problem. Some can be resolved in between the couples with a little openness.
Treatments for Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): You should never try to treat an STD by yourself. You must visit your doctor as these are severe and contagious.
Gonorrhoea Treatment: Gonorrhea can not cause any long-term problems if treated early.
Chlamydia Treatment: The infection clears up in about a week with the treatment. Till you recover, do not have sex. Do not quit the antibiotics or medications even if you feel better.
Sex Therapy & Other Counselling: Discover various types of sex and relationship counselling and therapeutics.
Genital Herpes Treatment: Antiviral drugs can benefit people who are afflicted by genital herpes stay symptom-free longer.
HPV Treatment: Only proving positive for HPV may not mean you will need treatment, at least not instantly. After u get a positive HPV test, your doctor may recommend close monitoring.
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