Stress hormones- impact of stress hormones on your health
Medikoe Health Expert
Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru May 11, 2019
Stress hormones are the natural alarm system of the body. It enables the body to deal with and respond to stressful situations. However, when the levels of stress hormones are high in the body, it can have a negative impact on health. The adrenaline glands situated at the top of the kidneys are responsible for the production of important stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline.
Some important stress hormones:
The stress hormones that have the most direct impact on the health of an individual are:
- Cortisol: it is manufactured by the adrenaline glands to enable the body to concentrate on a stressful situation. It increases the sugar levels in the system and suppresses the body systems that are not immediately necessary like the digestive system, growth, etc.
- Adrenaline: adrenaline is released to prepare the body for a stressful situation. It increases the blood pressure, heart rate, etc. and is responsible for immediate reactions caused due to stress.
Role of stress hormones:
Stress hormones play an important role in overall health and wellbeing as these are responsible for:
- Managing the use of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats
- Regulating blood pressure
- Increasing glucose levels
- Regulating sleep cycles
- Boost energy levels during stress and optimize the levels afterward
- Keeping the inflammation in control
- Increasing blood sugar
- Responsible for immediate reaction to stressful situations
Impact of excessive stress:
Though stress hormones are important for the proper functioning of the body, excessive stress can have a negative impact on the health of the individual. Due to constant stress, the levels of stress hormones are not properly regulated which can further lead to health problems like:
- Cardiovascular problems
- Memory and concentration problems
- Digestive problems
- Weight gain
Usually, after a stressful situation passes, the levels of stress hormones return to normal, but ongoing stress has serious detrimental effects on the body. Constant stress is a common thing in modern society, and it should be properly managed to prevent unwanted health effects.
Management of stress:
Some common methods which can help in naturally reducing the stress levels in the body are:
- Regular exercise can help in managing cortisol levels in the long run.
- Deep breathing exercises have also proven to be quite helpful in stress management.
- Getting adequate sleep is also important to keep the stress levels in control.
- Indulging in pleasing activities and hobbies can also help in relieving stress.
- Eating a well-balanced diet and avoiding junk food is also effective in stress management.