Types of Skin Problems on Face
Dr Jaya Sharma
Hrbr layout, Bengaluru May 29, 2019
Facial or face skin problems are a widespread problem in most adults. Even if they are benign or painless, they can be stressful as they are easily visible on your face and can affect your quality of life and confidence. Moreover, there are different types of face skin problems that occur due to UV rays. UV rays damage the DNA of your skin cells. Sunlight is the primary source of UV rays and exposure to UV rays is a significant risk factor for different types of face skin problems in women.
Different Types of Face Skin Problems
The different types of face skin problems in women include:
Breakouts & Acne
Acne is a type of skin disorder that happens to millions of people across the globe. It occurs when the small pores on your skin surface are blocked with dead skin cells, oil, and bacteria. Each individual skin opens into the follicle beneath the epidermis. Within these follicles, there is one sebaceous gland and one single hair. The sebaceous gland is responsible for producing sebum, an oil which is designed to keep your skin soft and lubricated. However, changes in hormones and other factors can cause the gland to produce excess sebum, the oil will flow through the follicle and can take dead skin cells and Propionibacterium acne bacteria in their appearance. On the face, acne is common on the forehead, cheeks, jawline, and chin.
Rosacea is a frequent and chronic skin condition that mainly affects the face of an individual. It can be characterized by visible blood vessels, redness, pustules, papules, and occasionally by the overgrowth of nasal connective tissue. It also produces red, small, pus-filled bumps on your face. It mostly affects middle-aged women who have a fair complexion.
Eczema & Dermatitis
Eczema or Dermatitis is a skin condition that causes your skin to turn scaly, red, and itchy. On your face, it can cause small bumps, red patches, and flaking skin. There are two of dermatitis including atopic dermatitis (eczema) and seborrheic dermatitis. Eczema is very common in toddlers but still affects many adults. Men are at higher risk of developing seborrheic dermatitis or seborrheic eczema than women. Atopic dermatitis can be caused by a mix of factors such as a gene variation, bacteria on the skin, dry skin, an immune system dysfunction, and environmental conditions. Seborrheic dermatitis can be caused by a yeast that is in the oil secretion of the skin.
Hyperpigmentation, is the most common form of irregular pigmentation. It is a condition where skin surfaces become darker than the color of normal skin around them. Some people have uneven skin pigmentation from an early age. Others are revived by skin damage or sun damage. It mostly characterized as dark patches and brown spots on the face. When there is an excess formation of melanin, your skin produces brown pigment and forms deposit in the skin and causes darker skin. Genetics, exposure to the sun, hormonal changes, and acne can also cause irregular pigmentation.
Wrinkles are a natural part of aging, but it may occur at an early age due to sun exposure. Wrinkles are divided into two functional categories such as fine surface lines and deep furrows. Fine surface lines are caused by exposure to ultraviolet lights (UV rays). Exposure to the sun is one of the leading causes of wrinkles. It breaks down the connective tissue – elastin and collagen fibers of your skin and can speed the natural aging process. Muscle contractions from facial expressions cause deep furrows. Other factors that contribute to wrinkles are heredity, smoke, the degree of pigmentation, and pollutants.
Dry skin is a familiar face skin problem in women and is medically termed as xerosis. It can be characterized by the lack of water in the most superficial layer of your skin, the epidermis. The epidermis is usually composed of protein and fat (lipid). The specific epidermal proteins along with the lipid portion of the epidermis help prevent skin dehydration. When there is a deficiency of both, the moisture from your skin evaporates, and your skin becomes dry. Temperature and humidity are the main factors that contribute to dry skin. If left untreated, it can lead to other significant complications such as cellulitis, eczematous dermatitis, skin discoloration, and secondary bacterial infections.
Pores are small pit-like pores that tend to be found on aging or oily skin and get clogged with oils and debris, like sebum. It makes your skin look old and dull. It also accumulates pollution and dirt. Those with large pores are more prone to blackheads, breakouts, pimples, and excess production of sebum. Pores are essential for the removal of toxins and skin hydration, but large and enlarged pores can become a reason for concern. When excess oil sits around the skin’s pore, it leads to enlarged pores. Unclean and oily skin can also cause oils to settle around the pores of the skin, making them appear enlarged by making the surrounding skin thicker. Moreover, exposure to the sun can also cause damage to your skin collagen and reduces elasticity.
Dark circles under the eyes
Dark circles are common in both men and women. It affects your appearance and can make you look older than you are. Many factors contributing to dark circles include age, fatigue (oversleeping), eyestrain, allergies, dehydration, genetics, intake of excessive salt, deficiency of iron, and exposure to sunlight. There are various natural ways to get rid of dark circles.
What are the red dots on the face?
Your skin is more prone to blemishes, rashes, and bumps of all kinds. When a red bump is flat, it is medically termed as a macule. When the red spots occur in outbreaks, they are sometimes known as rashes. When the red dot is raised, it is termed as a papule. Rashes can occur due to disseminated infections, infections of the skin, irritations of the skin, or allergic reactions.
Why don’t men have acne as much as women?
Acne affects men and women differently. According to a survey, the most common form of adult acne in women is premenstrual acne. Acne in women gets worse the days just before their menstrual cycle. This is likely due to the drop in the level of estrogen or a rise in androgen hormones such as testosterone.
If you or someone you know is going through something similar, then remember that you are not alone. There are people and help that you can reach out to help you cope with these challenges. If you have a related question and want to consult with an expert then, you can find one near you on Medikoe. Medikoe is a platform that helps you connect with certified and experienced doctors or healthcare practitioner near you for the best in class medical advice and treatment.