What is Epididymitis?
Banaswadi, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
It is an inflammation of the coiled tube at the back of the testicle that stores and carries sperm. It can develop at any age.
It is caused by bacterial infection, including STIs, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. Its risk factors include:
- Sex with a partner who has an STI
- Sex without a condom
- A history of STIs
Risk factors for non-sexually transmitted epididymitis include:
- History of prostate or urinary tract infections
- History of medical procedures that affect the urinary tract
- An uncircumcised penis or an anatomical abnormality of the urinary tract
- Prostate enlargement
- A swollen, red or warm scrotum
- Testicle pain and tenderness
- Painful urination or an urgent or frequent need to urinate
- Discharge from the penis
- Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvic area
- Blood in the semen
- Less commonly, fever
The doctor will check for enlarged lymph nodes in groin and an enlarged testicle on the affected side. The doctor will also perform a rectal examination to check for prostate enlargement or tenderness.
The doctor may recommend tests which include:
- STI screening
- Urine and blood tests
To treat epididymitis and epididymo-orchitis antibiotics are needed. If the cause of the bacterial infection is an STI, your partner also needs treatment.
If an abscess has formed than might be surgery is needed to drain it.
Practice safer sex.