What Is Gingivitis?
Babusahabpalya, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
Maintaining oral hygiene is essential for your overall wellbeing. Deteriorating oral cleanliness is a doom for your teeth and gums, and can lead to conditions like mouth ulcers, gingivitis, and periodontitis just to name a few.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It is the initial stage of gum disease which can be treated easily. But if left unchecked it can cause healthy gums to become swollen and bleed.
What causes gingivitis?
Gums are attached to the teeth at a point called sulcus which is not visible normally. Sometimes food and plaque get entrapped in this space leading to infection and this is the major cause of gingivitis.
Here's how plaque can lead to gingivitis:
- Plaque on your teeth
- Plaque is a thin invisible film of bacteria that cannot be seen with our naked eyes. It is formed when sugars in food interact with the oral bacteria.
- Plaque turns into tartar
- If you ignore it then it hardens and becomes tartar and starts infecting the oral space. Tartar is more difficult to remove since it creates a protective shield for bacteria and causes irritation along the gum-line.
- Development of gingivitis
- The longer that plaque and tartar remains, the more they irritate the gingiva causing it to inflame resulting in gingivitis.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of gingivitis might include:
- inflamed gums
- bright red/purple gums
- sensitive and painful gums
- bleeding from the gums
- bad breath
- receding gums
- soft gums
How to Prevent Gingivitis?
The first and the foremost thing you can do to stay away from gingivitis is maintaining good oral hygiene. Here are few things you can do to stop gingivitis before it develops:
- Regular brushing and flossing to remove plaque.
- Maintain proper nutrition for your jawbone and teeth.
- Avoid tobacco.
- Regular check-ups with your dentist.