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What is Multiple endocrine neoplasia?

Medikoe Health Expert

Medikoe Health Expert

  Koramangala, bengaluru, karnataka, india, Bengaluru     Feb 13, 2017

   0 min     

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Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes are rare, inherited disorders in which several endocrine glands develop noncancerous or cancerous tumors or grow excessively without forming tumors. It affects the body's network of hormone-producing glands called the endocrine system.

Types of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia

They are of three kinds Type 1, Type 2A and Type 2B. As per studies, a single gene is responsible for type 1 disease whereas abnormalities in a different gene have been identified in people with types 2A and 2B disease.

1. Type 1

  • Here, the tumors develop in two or more of the following glands:
  • The pituitary gland
  • The pancreas
  • The thyroid gland
  • The parathyroid
  • The adrenal glands


2. Type 2A

  • Here, the tumors develop in two or more of the following glands:
  • The thyroid gland
  • The adrenal glands
  • The parathyroid glands


3. Type 2B

  • They are the cancers of the:
  • Medullary thyroid cancer
  • Growths around nerves (neuromas)
  • Pheochromocytomas

Treatment

  • Tumor removal
  • Often removal of the thyroid gland
  • Medication/Drugs
Tags:  cancer,tumors,

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COMMENTS

Comments
Ahmed Ali
Ahmed Ali |  June 22nd, 2017

nice