What is Physiotherapy and its Benefits?
The Nivesaa Studio
Indira nagar, Bengaluru Feb 9, 2017
It helps restore movement and function when someone is affected by injury, illness or disability. It maintains health for people of all ages, helping patients to manage pain and prevent disease.
Physios use their knowledge and skills to improve a range of conditions associated with different systems of the body, such as:
- Neurological: Nerves
- Neuromusculoskeletal: Muscles and tendons
- Cancer, palliative care and lymphedema
- Women’s health concerns
The most common physiotherapy techniques are:
- Manual manipulation: Moving joints and soft tissue helps to improve circulation, drain fluid from the body, and relax overly tight or muscles with spasms.
- Electrical nerve stimulation: Small electric currents delivered to affected areas helps to suppress and block pain signals to the brain.
- Acupuncture: Needles stimulate the nervous system and work to dull pain, release muscles, boost the immune system and regulate various body functions.
- Demonstration: Teaching proper movement patterns allows patients to help heal themselves.
- Functional testing: Testing a patient to assess his/her physical abilities.
- Device provision: Prescription, fabrication and application of assistive, adaptive, supportive and protective devices and equipment.
Benefits of Physiotherapy
- Physiotherapy treatment may involve therapeutic exercise to improve strength, a range of motion and endurance and to correct postural and muscle imbalance, joint mobilisation, manipulation and soft tissue massage, as well as stretching and trigger point therapy to reduce stiffness and to relieve pain.
- Patients with neurological disorders such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury can benefit greatly with physiotherapy treatment. Interventions focus on muscle re-education and control, rehabilitation of fine and gross motor skills, improving daily function, regaining strength and flexibility, learning how to perform safe transfers, restoring and improving gait and training in the use of mobility aids.
- For children suffering from cerebral palsy, physiotherapy is essential in helping to reduce spasticity and deformity, improving postural control, teaching children how to use assistive devices and doing all that is necessary to maximise the child's functional independence.
- Cardiopulmonary conditions respond well to physiotherapy intervention. Patients who have difficulty performing their activities of daily living, or who have shortness of breath and decreased endurance, can achieve a markedly improved quality of life through guided exercise and resistance training.