What is Surrogacy?
Dr. Kamela Khalid
Mosque road, Bengaluru Feb 7, 2017
For couples that are intending to become parents but cannot for different reasons and backgrounds, surrogacy comes as a breath of relief. Surrogacy is a method of assistive reproduction which helps intended parents start families which otherwise wouldn’t be possible.
Surrogacy is of two types:
- Traditional surrogacy
In this case, the woman gets artificially inseminated with the father’s sperm and then carries the baby. So, the traditional surrogate is the baby’s biological mother because it is her egg that was fertilized by the sperm.
- Gestational surrogacy
In this case, the carrier has no genetic relationship with the baby. The embryo are created in labs through in vitro fertilization (IVF) and then transferred into the surrogate’s uterus. The sperm and eggs are taken from the intended parents or with the help of egg donors.
Surrogacy: How it works
- The process begins with a profile creation with the hospital or group the couple choose to work with. All the required information is collected to formulate a specialised plan.
- Post consultation, with the help of the profile, a suitable surrogate and egg donor matches are found.
- The donor, surrogate and intended parents engage in conversation and once things are finalised, terms and conditions are outlines and agreed upon to ensure it is a smooth journey for everyone involved.
- Eggs are extracted from the donors and after IVF, the embryo is transferred to the surrogate’s uterus.
- All legal procedures are catered to and completed to establish parentage by law.