Gum disease is an inflammation and infection of the tissues that support and surrounds your teeth. The gum inflammation may progress and it can affect the bones surrounding it. This is due to the bacteria in plaque, a colorless, sticky film which forms in your teeth constantly. This is the major cause of tooth loss especially in adults. Since it is not painful you may not know its appearance. This disease is also referred as periodontal disease. It has to be removed by brushing and flossing daily since the plaque that builds and the bacteria that build up affect not only the tissues and gums, but also eventually the bones and the gum tissues supporting the teeth which will make your dentist to remove the teeth.
- Bleeds easily at the gums
- Persistent bad taste or bad breath
- Swollen, red and tender gums
- Pulled away gums from the teeth
- Puss from teeth and gums
- Loose and separation of teeth
- Changes in the fit of partial denture
- Changes in the fitting of the teeth when biting
How it happens
The gum disease has three stages. The early stage is Gingivitis. At this stage it is likely to have your gums to get red in color, swell and bleeding might also take place. The disease is reversible at this stage and we can avoid this condition by getting a professional consultation and cleaning which is followed by regular brushing and flossing twice a day.
Periodontitis being the second stage, the supporting fibers and bone which holds your teeth will be irreversibly damaged. Gums attached will form like a pocket in which food and plaque is trapped. Improved home care and apt dental checkup is required for further damage prevention.
Advanced periodontitis is the third or the final stage in which the bones and the fibers where your teeth gets support will be damaged, further to shift or loosen. This will affect your bite and if the treatment couldn’t save then the teeth may need to get removed.
Factors that increase the risk of gum disease
- Poor oral hygiene
- Use of Tobacco
- Crooked teeth
- Medications that include steroids, cancer therapy drugs, oral contraceptives, certain anti-epilepsy drugs
- Brush the teeth twice a day. Brushing after meals will help to remove the food debris and the plaque that gets trapped between the gums and teeth.
- Know the risk
- Swish using a mouthwash
- Consult a periodontist
How to cure Gum Disease
With proper flossing and brushing of the teeth, the early stages of the gum disease can be reversed with ease. You need to have good oral hygiene and health so that it may keep the plaque from building further. Also consulting with a dental professional to clean up is one of the best ways to clean and remove the plaque which has hardened to form tartar. The tartar that is formed above and below the gum line has to get removed and cleaned by your dentist. Procedure for root planning has to be done if the condition is severe. It will smooth out the irregularities formed on the tooth, thus making the plaque more difficult to get deposited. Regular checkups can be done so that the early stages of the gum disease can be found out and treated before gets worse.
The myths behind gum diseases are
- You need not floss every day
- A tooth which is lost to gum disease is lost forever
- Bleeding gums aren’t that big deal
- Visiting periodontist is scary
- The only way to develop gum disease is poor oral hygiene.